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Bioarchaeology of the late prehistoric Guale.
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Title

Bioarchaeology of the late prehistoric Guale : South End Mound I, St. Catherines Island, Georgia.

Title Variants:

Alternative: Late prehistoric Guale bioarchaeology.

Alternative: South End Mound I, St. Catherines Island, Georgia.

Related Titles

Series: Anthropological papers of the American Museum of Natural History, no. 84.

Series: Anthropology of St. Catherines Island ; 6.

By






Genre

Book

Material Type

Published material

Publication info

[New York] :American Museum of Natural History,c2002.

Subjects

Analysis , Antiquities , Excavations (Archaeology) , Georgia , Guale Indians , Human remains (Archaeology) , Human skeleton , Indians of North America , Mounds , Paleopathology , Saint Catherines Island , Saint Catherines Island (Ga.)

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.78211

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Title

Bioarchaeology of the late prehistoric Guale : South End Mound I, St. Catherines Island, Georgia.

Title Variants:

Alternative: Late prehistoric Guale bioarchaeology.

Alternative: South End Mound I, St. Catherines Island, Georgia.

Related Titles

Series: Anthropological papers of the American Museum of Natural History, no. 84.

Series: Anthropology of St. Catherines Island ; 6.

By

Larsen, Clark Spencer.

Creekmore, Andrew.
Moore, Clarence B. (Clarence Bloomfield), 1852-1936
Thomas, David Hurst.

Genre

Book

Material Type

Published material

Publication info

[New York] :American Museum of Natural History,c2002.

Notes:

"This monograph is the sixth in the series titled The anthropology of St. Catherines Island."

"Issued July 24, 2002."

Contents: The setting -- Previous work at South End Mound I -- Later excavations and bioarchaeological study -- Methods of analysis -- The South End Mound I individuals -- Artifacts / David Hurst Thomas and Jessica McNeil -- Resource utilization and dietary reconstruction / Elizabeth J. Reitz, Clark Spencer Larsen and Margaret J. Schoeninger -- Patterns of community health: pathology -- Dental and skeletal size and morphology.

"South End Mound I is one of more than 50 mortuary sites (mostly burial mounds) excavated by Clarence Bloomfield Moore (1897) during his five-month expedition to the Georgia coast, and it is one of seven mounds he described on St. Catherines Island. The mound was subsequently tested by Larsen and Thomas (1986), who reported on a small sample of fragmentary human remains left at the site by Moore. This monograph reports on human remains recovered from a large-scale excavation undertaken by Larsen. This excavation revealed that Moore disturbed skeletal remains, but these remains were left in the general location of their original discovery. Our conjoining of fragmentary bones and teeth allowed identification of 26 of the 50 skeletons encountered by Moore. Importantly, this sample provides the only late prehistoric (Irene period) skeletal series from St. Catherines Island, allowing for the first time temporal comparisons with both earlier prehistoric populations (e.g., Johns Mound) and later historic populations (Santa Catalina de Guale) from the island. Analysis of faunal remains and stable isotope ratios of carbon and nitrogen indicates that the population consumed a variety of terrestrial and marine fauna, along with significant amounts of maize in diet. Analysis of dental caries prevalence is consistent with this reconstruction. In addition, presence of skeletal infections indicates poorer health in general relative to prehistoric St. Catherines Islanders. At least some of the periosteal reactions displayed on tibiae reflect treponematosis (nonvenereal syphilis). The overall pattern of health is strikingly similar to contemporary late prehistoric populations from the Georgia coast in particular and to the Eastern Woodlands of North America in general. Lastly, study of body size and postcranial skeletal morphology indicates a similar pattern of activity and lifestyle as for other groups from the Georgia Bight during the late prehistoric era. Overall, this bioarchaeological analysis reveals that the shift from a foraging lifeway to one that incorporated maize agriculture likely had a profound impact on health and lifestyle"--P. 5.

Subjects

Analysis , Antiquities , Excavations (Archaeology) , Georgia , Guale Indians , Human remains (Archaeology) , Human skeleton , Indians of North America , Mounds , Paleopathology , Saint Catherines Island , Saint Catherines Island (Ga.)

Call Number

GN2 .A27 no.84 2002

Language

English

Identifiers:

OCLC: 50327101

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.78211

Find in a local library

Download MODS

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<note>&quot;South End Mound I is one of more than 50 mortuary sites (mostly burial mounds) excavated by Clarence Bloomfield Moore (1897) during his five-month expedition to the Georgia coast, and it is one of seven mounds he described on St. Catherines Island. The mound was subsequently tested by Larsen and Thomas (1986), who reported on a small sample of fragmentary human remains left at the site by Moore. This monograph reports on human remains recovered from a large-scale excavation undertaken by Larsen. This excavation revealed that Moore disturbed skeletal remains, but these remains were left in the general location of their original discovery. Our conjoining of fragmentary bones and teeth allowed identification of 26 of the 50 skeletons encountered by Moore. Importantly, this sample provides the only late prehistoric (Irene period) skeletal series from St. Catherines Island, allowing for the first time temporal comparisons with both earlier prehistoric populations (e.g., Johns Mound) and later historic populations (Santa Catalina de Guale) from the island. Analysis of faunal remains and stable isotope ratios of carbon and nitrogen indicates that the population consumed a variety of terrestrial and marine fauna, along with significant amounts of maize in diet. Analysis of dental caries prevalence is consistent with this reconstruction. In addition, presence of skeletal infections indicates poorer health in general relative to prehistoric St. Catherines Islanders. At least some of the periosteal reactions displayed on tibiae reflect treponematosis (nonvenereal syphilis). The overall pattern of health is strikingly similar to contemporary late prehistoric populations from the Georgia coast in particular and to the Eastern Woodlands of North America in general. Lastly, study of body size and postcranial skeletal morphology indicates a similar pattern of activity and lifestyle as for other groups from the Georgia Bight during the late prehistoric era. Overall, this bioarchaeological analysis reveals that the shift from a foraging lifeway to one that incorporated maize agriculture likely had a profound impact on health and lifestyle&quot;--P. 5.</note>
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Download BibTeX citations

@book{bhl149505,
title = {Bioarchaeology of the late prehistoric Guale : South End Mound I, St. Catherines Island, Georgia. },
copyright = {In copyright. Digitized with the permission of the rights holder.},
url = {http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/149505},
note = {http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/78211 --- "This monograph is the sixth in the series titled The anthropology of St. Catherines Island." --- "Issued July 24, 2002." --- The setting -- Previous work at South End Mound I -- Later excavations and bioarchaeological study -- Methods of analysis -- The South End Mound I individuals -- Artifacts / David Hurst Thomas and Jessica McNeil -- Resource utilization and dietary reconstruction / Elizabeth J. Reitz, Clark Spencer Larsen and Margaret J. Schoeninger -- Patterns of community health: pathology -- Dental and skeletal size and morphology. --- "South End Mound I is one of more than 50 mortuary sites (mostly burial mounds) excavated by Clarence Bloomfield Moore (1897) during his five-month expedition to the Georgia coast, and it is one of seven mounds he described on St. Catherines Island. The mound was subsequently tested by Larsen and Thomas (1986), who reported on a small sample of fragmentary human remains left at the site by Moore. This monograph reports on human remains recovered from a large-scale excavation undertaken by Larsen. This excavation revealed that Moore disturbed skeletal remains, but these remains were left in the general location of their original discovery. Our conjoining of fragmentary bones and teeth allowed identification of 26 of the 50 skeletons encountered by Moore. Importantly, this sample provides the only late prehistoric (Irene period) skeletal series from St. Catherines Island, allowing for the first time temporal comparisons with both earlier prehistoric populations (e.g., Johns Mound) and later historic populations (Santa Catalina de Guale) from the island. Analysis of faunal remains and stable isotope ratios of carbon and nitrogen indicates that the population consumed a variety of terrestrial and marine fauna, along with significant amounts of maize in diet. Analysis of dental caries prevalence is consistent with this reconstruction. In addition, presence of skeletal infections indicates poorer health in general relative to prehistoric St. Catherines Islanders. At least some of the periosteal reactions displayed on tibiae reflect treponematosis (nonvenereal syphilis). The overall pattern of health is strikingly similar to contemporary late prehistoric populations from the Georgia coast in particular and to the Eastern Woodlands of North America in general. Lastly, study of body size and postcranial skeletal morphology indicates a similar pattern of activity and lifestyle as for other groups from the Georgia Bight during the late prehistoric era. Overall, this bioarchaeological analysis reveals that the shift from a foraging lifeway to one that incorporated maize agriculture likely had a profound impact on health and lifestyle"--P. 5.},
publisher = {[New York] :American Museum of Natural History,},
author = {Larsen, Clark Spencer. and Creekmore, Andrew. and Moore, Clarence B. (Clarence Bloomfield), and Thomas, David Hurst.},
year = {},
pages = {108},
keywords = {Analysis|Antiquities|Excavations (Archaeology)|Georgia|Guale Indians|Human remains (Archaeology)|Human skeleton|Indians of North America|Mounds|Paleopathology|Saint Catherines Island|Saint Catherines Island (Ga.)|},
}

Download RIS citations

TY - BOOK
TI - Bioarchaeology of the late prehistoric Guale : South End Mound I, St. Catherines Island, Georgia.
UR - http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/149505
PB - American Museum of Natural History,
CY - [New York] :
PY - 2002
N1 - "This monograph is the sixth in the series titled The anthropology of St. Catherines Island." --- "Issued July 24, 2002." --- The setting -- Previous work at South End Mound I -- Later excavations and bioarchaeological study -- Methods of analysis -- The South End Mound I individuals -- Artifacts / David Hurst Thomas and Jessica McNeil -- Resource utilization and dietary reconstruction / Elizabeth J. Reitz, Clark Spencer Larsen and Margaret J. Schoeninger -- Patterns of community health: pathology -- Dental and skeletal size and morphology. --- "South End Mound I is one of more than 50 mortuary sites (mostly burial mounds) excavated by Clarence Bloomfield Moore (1897) during his five-month expedition to the Georgia coast, and it is one of seven mounds he described on St. Catherines Island. The mound was subsequently tested by Larsen and Thomas (1986), who reported on a small sample of fragmentary human remains left at the site by Moore. This monograph reports on human remains recovered from a large-scale excavation undertaken by Larsen. This excavation revealed that Moore disturbed skeletal remains, but these remains were left in the general location of their original discovery. Our conjoining of fragmentary bones and teeth allowed identification of 26 of the 50 skeletons encountered by Moore. Importantly, this sample provides the only late prehistoric (Irene period) skeletal series from St. Catherines Island, allowing for the first time temporal comparisons with both earlier prehistoric populations (e.g., Johns Mound) and later historic populations (Santa Catalina de Guale) from the island. Analysis of faunal remains and stable isotope ratios of carbon and nitrogen indicates that the population consumed a variety of terrestrial and marine fauna, along with significant amounts of maize in diet. Analysis of dental caries prevalence is consistent with this reconstruction. In addition, presence of skeletal infections indicates poorer health in general relative to prehistoric St. Catherines Islanders. At least some of the periosteal reactions displayed on tibiae reflect treponematosis (nonvenereal syphilis). The overall pattern of health is strikingly similar to contemporary late prehistoric populations from the Georgia coast in particular and to the Eastern Woodlands of North America in general. Lastly, study of body size and postcranial skeletal morphology indicates a similar pattern of activity and lifestyle as for other groups from the Georgia Bight during the late prehistoric era. Overall, this bioarchaeological analysis reveals that the shift from a foraging lifeway to one that incorporated maize agriculture likely had a profound impact on health and lifestyle"--P. 5.
AU - Larsen, Clark Spencer.
AU - Creekmore, Andrew.
AU - Moore, Clarence B. (Clarence Bloomfield),
AU - Thomas, David Hurst.
KW - Analysis
KW - Antiquities
KW - Excavations (Archaeology)
KW - Georgia
KW - Guale Indians
KW - Human remains (Archaeology)
KW - Human skeleton
KW - Indians of North America
KW - Mounds
KW - Paleopathology
KW - Saint Catherines Island
KW - Saint Catherines Island (Ga.)
ER -