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Example: Birds, Classification, Mammals
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lines 8—7 underline "ni ... familles"


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line 9 annotation Why ? ⧟
lines 8—7 underline "ou ... existé"
lines 8—7 annotation X
bottom-margin annotation Fallacy common to Swainson & Macleay


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lines 6—5 annotation X
bottom-margin annotation X Here seems to think existing series perfect


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bottom-margin annotation V. p 31


bottom-margin annotation In this Chapter argues that all divisions «or gaps» are artificial & that the series is either now perfect or has been so —
     — Fallacy —


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line 11 underline "parenté"


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lines 10—13 annotation why so strong a division?
from End Slip annotation 44    It is odd that in animals organs for conservation of life important , in plants organs of reproduction — But a flower is more than organ.


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bottom-margin annotation On the importance of relations .


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bottom-margin annotation Lower animals where many species /


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from End Slip annotation 58 . good remarks how arbitray th distinction between race & species is.

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bottom-margin annotation Is there any marked difference between races produced in same or different countries, with respect to propagation ?
from End Slip annotation 62    alludes to conditions.
     [In Preface ask whether from earliest ‹day› «age» there can have been revolution of climate corresponding t th mny changes in organisms on earths face.]


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bottom-margin annotation ⧟ ‹wh› a want of Proof


top-marginline 12 annotation One case of acquired heredetary instincts, shows that instincts can be acquired.

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line 8 underline "sublime Auteur"
line 21 underline "nature"


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bottom-margin annotation ⧟ & not isolated pair


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annotation ??
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lines 13—15 annotation ! Well-said

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bottom-margin annotation ⧟ Like Lyell in Geology
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bottom-margin annotation ⧟ not well stated


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lines 14—16 annotation poor
line 13 underline "à détruire"
bottom-margin annotation ⧟ S. Africa


lines 1—26 annotation in pale pencil The similarity of type on old Continents & in oldest seas .— does it point to first Creation ??
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bottom-margin annotation / Lamarck argues, species of shells, not killed by man, no apparent cause of death ; but causes of change are present ∴ therfor fossil same species with modern.—


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lines 6—1 annotation (=> rate of change not uniform in world, except on great scale)
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bottom-margin annotation Geologists judge of time by change of species, these changes effect of physical changes (dynamical changes). these we can only judge of by present day — Therefore measure of past ages is reduced to observation of changes at present day .—


bottom-margin annotation Therfor every fossil species direct father of existing analogues & no extinction except through man!— [Hence cause of innumerable errors in Lamarck]


bottom-margin annotation in pale pencil { There is nothing about types as Geograph. Grouping

bottom-margin annotation / On Species— argues against permanence, when conditions changing — series branching, now or once perfect.— no genera — conditions change species, & these changes by time become fixed — «assumes» some near species made by (p. 64) by hybridity & fixed by time — wants produce habitudes th source of actions, faculties & instincts — argues against Egypt case & asks what is 2000 to 3000 years? — / definition of species 75 /— doubts any extinct animals ! (hence theory must be false XX
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bottom-margin annotation nearly all compound animals being fixed, analogy with vegetables ,— caused probably by ‹non› imperfect transmission of will preventing voluntary & coinstantaneous movements.


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bottom-margin annotation Speculations .


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from Page0129 annotation — Classification —
     p. 105. few animals at the limits of classes — animals in series & not ramified? «& p. 109» (quite different from my view) — organs vary in developement. & not in. same ratio, as th developement of th class to which it belongs

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from Page0129 annotation — Classification —
     p. 105. few animals at the limits of classes — animals in series & not ramified? «& p. 109» (quite different from my view) — organs vary in developement. & not in. same ratio, as th developement of th class to which it belongs


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from Page0129 annotation — Classification —
     p. 105. few animals at the limits of classes — animals in series & not ramified? «& p. 109» (quite different from my view) — organs vary in developement. & not in. same ratio, as th developement of th class to which it belongs


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bottom-margin annotation — Classification —
     p. 105. few animals at the limits of classes — animals in series & not ramified? «& p. 109» (quite different from my view) — organs vary in developement. & not in. same ratio, as th developement of th class to which it belongs


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line 1 underline "les ... La"
whole-margin annotation There appears to me to be some confusion in these ideas of degradation. What make perfection, except «that» towars the end wanted. Look at Struct of Crustacea
     Scale (of many kinds) of complication exists.


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line 13bottom-margin annotation — Here is the difference between Lamarck & Me


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bottom-margin annotation The « economy of» t01 world could have gone on without Bats or Ostriches.— It can only be following out some great principle
     It is clear Birds made preeminent for air. yet if no birds: Mammalia would hav tak place [continues on page 149] ---- There limit to this Adaptation. Fish could hardly have lived out of water. Though Crabs — Spiders under water.—
t01 - `economy of' in dark brown inkoverwritein pencil

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top-marginline 6 annotation This is rather false : Simply to differ from highst animal, does not prove degradation . Who can doubt superiority of some organs & therfor senses in low animals /

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line 14 underline "palmipèdes"
line 13 underline "avantage"
line 13 annotation ? Why
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line 11 underline "sortant ... marcher"
lines 14—4 annotation How curiously different from Swainson


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lines 6—10 annotation as bad as Swainson


lines 13—15 annotation { no links with high classes


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bottom-margin annotation cancelled according to his class of argument. This not degradation because mere effect of in
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bottom-margin annotation NB. Snakes perform the parts of fish, & fish of snakes. —
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line 7 underline "odorat"
bottom-margin annotation ⧟ On this scheme of organization «lower down» it would not be expected to find ‹organs› smell more perfect . But in others as articulates it is much more perfect


bottom-margin annotation in brown ink This chapter must be looked over again: L. distinguishes between degraded or abortive organs, such as extremities of Cetacea &c & less developed forms — : discussion on this point fills much of this chapt.

bottom-margin annotation The want of progression in the vegetable world serious fact Lamarck has rather overlooked . — Though no doubt vegetable world should rather be considered as one family (not so large as insects) in the scheme of organic beings.
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lines 14—18 annotation Therefore not same thery to plants & animals


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line 1 underline "formées ... pays"
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lines 17—22 annotation are there any facts? I doubt


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lines 13—16 annotation in brown ink Australia hony-sucking Marsupial.


top-margin annotation Coleoptera wings beneath soldered cases
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lines 1—3 annotation Mem. Tucotucu
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from End Note annotation in dark pencil / p 261
     On effects of intermarriage in preventing multiplication of species /


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bottom-margin annotation ⧟ Does not pursue this into Geographical Distribution


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bottom-margin annotation Explains how animals & plants change — Lamarck'st01 theory differs for plants & animals — It is absurd the way , he assumes th want of habit cause annihilation of organ and vice versâ —
     ||t02 Explains how crossing presents innumerable varieties of man — & supposes if no distance between men, there would not be many races of man — does not extend this view
t01 - `Lamarck's' in brown inkoverwritein pale pencil
t02 - `||' in dark pencil


lines 1—3 double score
lines 1—13 annotation This shows connection of life with laws of Attraction

line 16bottom-margin annotation / If food in stomach is vitalized one need not wonder at the power of the Womb


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lines 12—13 annotation crystal
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top-margin annotation Have not crystals certain properties common to the whole & not to part ? ⧟


lines 9—8 underline "toujours ... accidentale"
lines 9—8 annotation crystal
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bottom-margin annotation Endosmos & Exosmos purely Physical action


whole-margin annotation The interruption of ordinary laws of chemical attraction most striking character of life

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bottom-margin annotation (Other final cause)


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