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C.S. Rafinesque and John Torrey correspondence, 1819-1840
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Title

C.S. Rafinesque and John Torrey correspondence, 1819-1840

Related Titles

Related/Analytical: New York Botanical Garden Archives.

Series: John Torrey papers ; series 1, correspondence.

By


Type

Collection

Material

Archival material

Publication info

Subjects

Ackerly, Samuel, Dr , Agardh, C. A. (Carl Adolf), 1785-1859 , Aira , Amaranthus , American Philosophical Society , Amphicarpaea , Amphicarpum , Andromeda , Arundinaria gigantea , Atriplex , Aureolaria flava , Baldwin, William, 1779-1819 , Barton, William P. C. (William Paul Crillon), 1786 , Bartram's Garden (Philadelphia, Pa.) , Beck, Lewis C. (Lewis Caleb), 1798-1853 , Bigelow, Jacob, 1786-1879 , Blechnum , Botanical specimens , Boykin, Samuel, 1786-1848 , Brickellia , Brongniart, Adolphe, 1801-1876 , Calamagrostis , Callitriche terrestris , Calochortus , Candolle, Augustin Pyramus de, 1778-1841 , Carex , Cassine , Castelnau, Francis, comte de, 1812-1880 , Cicuta bulbifera , Clifford, John D., 1778?-1820 , Clinton, DeWitt, 1769-1828 , Clintonia , Collins, Zaccheus, 1764-1831 , Commelina , Conrad, T. A. (Timothy Abbott), 1803-1877 , Cooper, William, 1798?-1864 , Corema conradii , Correspondence , Croom, Hardy Bryan, 1797-1837 , Cyperaceae , Daucus , Desvaux, A.-N. (Auguste-Nicaise), 1784-1856 , Dewey, Chester, 1784-1867 , Dodecatheon , Duhamel du Monceau, M., 1700-1782 , Durand, Elias, 1794-1873 , Eaton, Amos, 1776-1842 , Eaton, H. H. (Hezekiah Hulbert), 1809-1832 , Eddy, Caspar Wistar, 1790-1828 , Eleocharis , Elliott, Stephen, 1771-1830 , Enemion , Epifagus , Erysimum cheiranthoides , Eupatorium , Euphorbia , Featherman, A. (Americus), 1822- , Férussac, André-Etienne-Just-Pascal-Joseph-Françoi , Fossils , Galearis spectabilis , Gemmularia , Gentiana , Geum , Geum vernum , Glossopteris , Glottidium vesicarium , Gramineae , Gratiola , Gratiola neglecta , Gray, Asa, 1810-1888 , Greene, B. D. (Benjamin Daniel), 1793-1862 , Halsey, Abraham, 1790-1857 , Herbarium , Herschel, William, 1738-1822 , Heuchera , Iris domestica , Ives, Eli, 1779-1861 , Jessup, Augustus E., (Augustus Edward), 1797-1859 , Kalm, Pehr, 1716-1779 , Kalmia latifolia , Knevels, D'Jurco V , Landreth, David, 1752-1836 , Le Conte, John Eatton, 1784-1860 , Leach, William Elford, 1790-1836 , Lobelia , Long, Stephen H. (Stephen Harriman), 1784-1864 , Lyceum of Natural History (New York, N.Y.) , Lysimachia , Lysimachia loomisii , Maianthemum , Marcy, William L. (William Learned), 1786-1857 , Matelea maritima , Michaux, François André, 1770-1855 , Minerals , Mitchill, Samuel L. (Samuel Latham), 1764-1831 , Morus , Muhlenberg, Henry, 1753-1815 , Myosotis , Myosurus minimus , Nees von Esenbeck, C. G. (Christian Gottfried), 17 , Nelumbo lutea , Nuttall, Thomas, 1786-1859 , Orchis , Palisot de Beauvois, Ambrose-Marie-François-Joseph , Panicum , Philadelphus , Pickering, Charles, 1805-1878 , Pitcher, Zina, 1797-1872 , Plants , Polygala , Populus , Pursh, Frederick, 1774-1820 , Quercus , Rafinesque, C. S. (constantine Samuel), 1783-1840 , Rhynchospora , Römer, J. J. (Johann Jacob), 1763-1819 , Rosa , Sabatia stellaris , Schimper, K. Fr. (Karl Friedrich) , Schizaea , Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe, 1793-1864 , Schweinitz, Lewis David von, 1780-1834 , Sclerotium (Genus) , Sealy, James, Dr., active 1820 , Sedum , Shells , Silliman, Benjamin, 1779-1864 , Sinapis , Spartina , Spergularia canadensis , Sprengel, Kurt Polycarp Joachim, 1766-1833 , Stellaria , Styrax , Swainson, William, 1789-1855 , Torrey, John, 1796-1873 , Torreya , Tradescantia , Troy Lyceum of Natural History , United States , Veronicastrum virginicum , Walker-Arnott, George Arnott, 1799-1868 , Wolfiporia extensa , Woodwardia

BHL Collections:

John Torrey Papers

New York Botanical Garden

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Title

C.S. Rafinesque and John Torrey correspondence, 1819-1840

Related Titles

Related/Analytical: New York Botanical Garden Archives.

Series: John Torrey papers ; series 1, correspondence.

By

Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840

Type

Collection

Material

Archival material

Publication info

Notes:

Correspondence from C.S. Rafinesque to John Torrey, dated 1819-1840, comprised of 47 letters and one undated plant list. Rafinesque's unruly genius is on full display in his letters, as is his abundant ego and biting wit. Each missive is stuffed with news of numerous projects-- books, floras, articles, the founding of cultural institutions and scientific journals-- and the countless "N. Sp." (new species) he has determined. He announces that he has begun making his own engravings; later, "I am busy as a Bee, am printing now 2 works as Editor for strangers, one on Astronomy, another on Safe Banking..." Rafinesque offers Torrey support ("I am glad to hear that your little flora is finished..." he writes in 1819) with a good deal of tart criticism. He frequently returns to two particular grievances: Torrey's failure to adopt Rafinesque's new genera and species ("Why have you adopted G. Clintonia of Lindley 1820, and not my Clintonia of 1817!"); and his adherence to what Rafineque dubs "the putting off school"-- taxonomical "lumpers." "Do you wait to see [my descriptions] quoted elsewhere or do you deem 10 years needful to ripen facts?," he writes in 1838. "Why then quote unripe facts of somebody else-- Let us smile & be friends nevertheless... Yr. flora is a work of great merit, but with great defects also..." Torrey is not the only recipient of Rafinesque's ire. The latter's letters contain frequent complaints of mistreatment by others ("Prof. Silliman has behaved as a Sillyman with me...These Yankees are very ticklish"-- "Since Arnott has served me so shabbily I have doubled the price of the plants I had prepared for him...") and even more frequent disdain for their work. "I am now studying Hooker's flora 1st Vol.," he writes in 1836. "What a fine work! Yet how full of blunders!" Obsolete and unresolved plant names mentioned include Acnida, Ammyrsine, Aectyson, Arenaria canadensis, Asclepias maritima, Atriplex dioica, Atriplex mucronata, Atriplex purshiana, Ceratosch

In English.

Subjects

Ackerly, Samuel, Dr , Agardh, C. A. (Carl Adolf), 1785-1859 , Aira , Amaranthus , American Philosophical Society , Amphicarpaea , Amphicarpum , Andromeda , Arundinaria gigantea , Atriplex , Aureolaria flava , Baldwin, William, 1779-1819 , Barton, William P. C. (William Paul Crillon), 1786 , Bartram's Garden (Philadelphia, Pa.) , Beck, Lewis C. (Lewis Caleb), 1798-1853 , Bigelow, Jacob, 1786-1879 , Blechnum , Botanical specimens , Boykin, Samuel, 1786-1848 , Brickellia , Brongniart, Adolphe, 1801-1876 , Calamagrostis , Callitriche terrestris , Calochortus , Candolle, Augustin Pyramus de, 1778-1841 , Carex , Cassine , Castelnau, Francis, comte de, 1812-1880 , Cicuta bulbifera , Clifford, John D., 1778?-1820 , Clinton, DeWitt, 1769-1828 , Clintonia , Collins, Zaccheus, 1764-1831 , Commelina , Conrad, T. A. (Timothy Abbott), 1803-1877 , Cooper, William, 1798?-1864 , Corema conradii , Correspondence , Croom, Hardy Bryan, 1797-1837 , Cyperaceae , Daucus , Desvaux, A.-N. (Auguste-Nicaise), 1784-1856 , Dewey, Chester, 1784-1867 , Dodecatheon , Duhamel du Monceau, M., 1700-1782 , Durand, Elias, 1794-1873 , Eaton, Amos, 1776-1842 , Eaton, H. H. (Hezekiah Hulbert), 1809-1832 , Eddy, Caspar Wistar, 1790-1828 , Eleocharis , Elliott, Stephen, 1771-1830 , Enemion , Epifagus , Erysimum cheiranthoides , Eupatorium , Euphorbia , Featherman, A. (Americus), 1822- , Férussac, André-Etienne-Just-Pascal-Joseph-Françoi , Fossils , Galearis spectabilis , Gemmularia , Gentiana , Geum , Geum vernum , Glossopteris , Glottidium vesicarium , Gramineae , Gratiola , Gratiola neglecta , Gray, Asa, 1810-1888 , Greene, B. D. (Benjamin Daniel), 1793-1862 , Halsey, Abraham, 1790-1857 , Herbarium , Herschel, William, 1738-1822 , Heuchera , Iris domestica , Ives, Eli, 1779-1861 , Jessup, Augustus E., (Augustus Edward), 1797-1859 , Kalm, Pehr, 1716-1779 , Kalmia latifolia , Knevels, D'Jurco V , Landreth, David, 1752-1836 , Le Conte, John Eatton, 1784-1860 , Leach, William Elford, 1790-1836 , Lobelia , Long, Stephen H. (Stephen Harriman), 1784-1864 , Lyceum of Natural History (New York, N.Y.) , Lysimachia , Lysimachia loomisii , Maianthemum , Marcy, William L. (William Learned), 1786-1857 , Matelea maritima , Michaux, François André, 1770-1855 , Minerals , Mitchill, Samuel L. (Samuel Latham), 1764-1831 , Morus , Muhlenberg, Henry, 1753-1815 , Myosotis , Myosurus minimus , Nees von Esenbeck, C. G. (Christian Gottfried), 17 , Nelumbo lutea , Nuttall, Thomas, 1786-1859 , Orchis , Palisot de Beauvois, Ambrose-Marie-François-Joseph , Panicum , Philadelphus , Pickering, Charles, 1805-1878 , Pitcher, Zina, 1797-1872 , Plants , Polygala , Populus , Pursh, Frederick, 1774-1820 , Quercus , Rafinesque, C. S. (constantine Samuel), 1783-1840 , Rhynchospora , Römer, J. J. (Johann Jacob), 1763-1819 , Rosa , Sabatia stellaris , Schimper, K. Fr. (Karl Friedrich) , Schizaea , Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe, 1793-1864 , Schweinitz, Lewis David von, 1780-1834 , Sclerotium (Genus) , Sealy, James, Dr., active 1820 , Sedum , Shells , Silliman, Benjamin, 1779-1864 , Sinapis , Spartina , Spergularia canadensis , Sprengel, Kurt Polycarp Joachim, 1766-1833 , Stellaria , Styrax , Swainson, William, 1789-1855 , Torrey, John, 1796-1873 , Torreya , Tradescantia , Troy Lyceum of Natural History , United States , Veronicastrum virginicum , Walker-Arnott, George Arnott, 1799-1868 , Wolfiporia extensa , Woodwardia

BHL Collections:

John Torrey Papers

New York Botanical Garden

Language

English

Identifiers:

OCLC: 1045796822

Find in a local library

Download MODS

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<note>Correspondence from C.S. Rafinesque to John Torrey, dated 1819-1840, comprised of 47 letters and one undated plant list. Rafinesque&#39;s unruly genius is on full display in his letters, as is his abundant ego and biting wit. Each missive is stuffed with news of numerous projects-- books, floras, articles, the founding of cultural institutions and scientific journals-- and the countless &quot;N. Sp.&quot; (new species) he has determined. He announces that he has begun making his own engravings; later, &quot;I am busy as a Bee, am printing now 2 works as Editor for strangers, one on Astronomy, another on Safe Banking...&quot; Rafinesque offers Torrey support (&quot;I am glad to hear that your little flora is finished...&quot; he writes in 1819) with a good deal of tart criticism. He frequently returns to two particular grievances: Torrey&#39;s failure to adopt Rafinesque&#39;s new genera and species (&quot;Why have you adopted G. Clintonia of Lindley 1820, and not my Clintonia of 1817!&quot;); and his adherence to what Rafineque dubs &quot;the putting off school&quot;-- taxonomical &quot;lumpers.&quot; &quot;Do you wait to see [my descriptions] quoted elsewhere or do you deem 10 years needful to ripen facts?,&quot; he writes in 1838. &quot;Why then quote unripe facts of somebody else-- Let us smile &amp; be friends nevertheless... Yr. flora is a work of great merit, but with great defects also...&quot; Torrey is not the only recipient of Rafinesque&#39;s ire. The latter&#39;s letters contain frequent complaints of mistreatment by others (&quot;Prof. Silliman has behaved as a Sillyman with me...These Yankees are very ticklish&quot;-- &quot;Since Arnott has served me so shabbily I have doubled the price of the plants I had prepared for him...&quot;) and even more frequent disdain for their work. &quot;I am now studying Hooker&#39;s flora 1st Vol.,&quot; he writes in 1836. &quot;What a fine work! Yet how full of blunders!&quot; Obsolete and unresolved plant names mentioned include Acnida, Ammyrsine, Aectyson, Arenaria canadensis, Asclepias maritima, Atriplex dioica, Atriplex mucronata, Atriplex purshiana, Ceratosch</note>
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<subject>
<topic>Agardh, C. A. (Carl Adolf), 1785-1859</topic>
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<topic>Barton, William P. C. (William Paul Crillon), 1786</topic>
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<topic>Bartram&#39;s Garden (Philadelphia, Pa.)</topic>
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<subject>
<topic>Bigelow, Jacob, 1786-1879</topic>
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<topic>Blechnum</topic>
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<topic>Boykin, Samuel, 1786-1848</topic>
</subject>
<subject>
<topic>Brickellia</topic>
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<subject>
<topic>Brongniart, Adolphe, 1801-1876</topic>
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<subject>
<topic>Calamagrostis</topic>
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<subject>
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<subject>
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<subject>
<topic>Cicuta bulbifera</topic>
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<subject>
<topic>Clifford, John D., 1778?-1820</topic>
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<subject>
<topic>Clinton, DeWitt, 1769-1828</topic>
</subject>
<subject>
<topic>Clintonia</topic>
</subject>
<subject>
<topic>Collins, Zaccheus, 1764-1831</topic>
</subject>
<subject>
<topic>Commelina</topic>
</subject>
<subject>
<topic>Conrad, T. A. (Timothy Abbott), 1803-1877</topic>
</subject>
<subject>
<topic>Cooper, William, 1798?-1864</topic>
</subject>
<subject>
<topic>Corema conradii</topic>
</subject>
<subject>
<topic>Correspondence</topic>
</subject>
<subject>
<topic>Croom, Hardy Bryan, 1797-1837</topic>
</subject>
<subject>
<topic>Cyperaceae</topic>
</subject>
<subject>
<topic>Daucus</topic>
</subject>
<subject>
<topic>Desvaux, A.-N. (Auguste-Nicaise), 1784-1856</topic>
</subject>
<subject>
<topic>Dewey, Chester, 1784-1867</topic>
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<subject>
<topic>Dodecatheon</topic>
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<subject>
<topic>Duhamel du Monceau, M., 1700-1782</topic>
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<subject>
<topic>Durand, Elias, 1794-1873</topic>
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<subject>
<topic>Eaton, Amos, 1776-1842</topic>
</subject>
<subject>
<topic>Eaton, H. H. (Hezekiah Hulbert), 1809-1832</topic>
</subject>
<subject>
<topic>Eddy, Caspar Wistar, 1790-1828</topic>
</subject>
<subject>
<topic>Eleocharis</topic>
</subject>
<subject>
<topic>Elliott, Stephen, 1771-1830</topic>
</subject>
<subject>
<topic>Enemion</topic>
</subject>
<subject>
<topic>Epifagus</topic>
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<subject>
<topic>Erysimum cheiranthoides</topic>
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<subject>
<topic>Eupatorium</topic>
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<subject>
<topic>Euphorbia</topic>
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<topic>Galearis spectabilis</topic>
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<topic>Rosa</topic>
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<topic>Shells</topic>
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<subject>
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<topic>Sinapis</topic>
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<subject>
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<subject>
<topic>Sprengel, Kurt Polycarp Joachim, 1766-1833</topic>
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<subject>
<topic>Stellaria</topic>
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<subject>
<topic>Styrax</topic>
</subject>
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<topic>Swainson, William, 1789-1855</topic>
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<subject>
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</subject>
<subject>
<topic>Torreya</topic>
</subject>
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</subject>
<subject>
<topic>Troy Lyceum of Natural History</topic>
</subject>
<subject>
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</subject>
<subject>
<topic>Veronicastrum virginicum</topic>
</subject>
<subject>
<topic>Walker-Arnott, George Arnott, 1799-1868</topic>
</subject>
<subject>
<topic>Wolfiporia extensa</topic>
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@book{bhl263009,
title = {C.S. Rafinesque and John Torrey correspondence, 1819-1840 },
copyright = {Public domain. The BHL considers that this work is no longer under copyright protection.},
url = {https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/263009},
note = {https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/156820 --- Correspondence from C.S. Rafinesque to John Torrey, dated 1819-1840, comprised of 47 letters and one undated plant list. Rafinesque's unruly genius is on full display in his letters, as is his abundant ego and biting wit. Each missive is stuffed with news of numerous projects-- books, floras, articles, the founding of cultural institutions and scientific journals-- and the countless "N. Sp." (new species) he has determined. He announces that he has begun making his own engravings; later, "I am busy as a Bee, am printing now 2 works as Editor for strangers, one on Astronomy, another on Safe Banking..." Rafinesque offers Torrey support ("I am glad to hear that your little flora is finished..." he writes in 1819) with a good deal of tart criticism. He frequently returns to two particular grievances: Torrey's failure to adopt Rafinesque's new genera and species ("Why have you adopted G. Clintonia of Lindley 1820, and not my Clintonia of 1817!"); and his adherence to what Rafineque dubs "the putting off school"-- taxonomical "lumpers." "Do you wait to see [my descriptions] quoted elsewhere or do you deem 10 years needful to ripen facts?," he writes in 1838. "Why then quote unripe facts of somebody else-- Let us smile & be friends nevertheless... Yr. flora is a work of great merit, but with great defects also..." Torrey is not the only recipient of Rafinesque's ire. The latter's letters contain frequent complaints of mistreatment by others ("Prof. Silliman has behaved as a Sillyman with me...These Yankees are very ticklish"-- "Since Arnott has served me so shabbily I have doubled the price of the plants I had prepared for him...") and even more frequent disdain for their work. "I am now studying Hooker's flora 1st Vol.," he writes in 1836. "What a fine work! Yet how full of blunders!" Obsolete and unresolved plant names mentioned include Acnida, Ammyrsine, Aectyson, Arenaria canadensis, Asclepias maritima, Atriplex dioica, Atriplex mucronata, Atriplex purshiana, Ceratosch --- In English.},
publisher = {},
author = {Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel),},
year = {1819},
pages = {148},
keywords = {Ackerly, Samuel, Dr|Agardh, C. A. (Carl Adolf), 1785-1859|Aira|Amaranthus|American Philosophical Society|Amphicarpaea|Amphicarpum|Andromeda|Arundinaria gigantea|Atriplex|Aureolaria flava|Baldwin, William, 1779-1819|Barton, William P. C. (William Paul Crillon), 1786|Bartram's Garden (Philadelphia, Pa.)|Beck, Lewis C. (Lewis Caleb), 1798-1853|Bigelow, Jacob, 1786-1879|Blechnum|Botanical specimens|Boykin, Samuel, 1786-1848|Brickellia|Brongniart, Adolphe, 1801-1876|Calamagrostis|Callitriche terrestris|Calochortus|Candolle, Augustin Pyramus de, 1778-1841|Carex|Cassine|Castelnau, Francis, comte de, 1812-1880|Cicuta bulbifera|Clifford, John D., 1778?-1820|Clinton, DeWitt, 1769-1828|Clintonia|Collins, Zaccheus, 1764-1831|Commelina|Conrad, T. A. (Timothy Abbott), 1803-1877|Cooper, William, 1798?-1864|Corema conradii|Correspondence|Croom, Hardy Bryan, 1797-1837|Cyperaceae|Daucus|Desvaux, A.-N. (Auguste-Nicaise), 1784-1856|Dewey, Chester, 1784-1867|Dodecatheon|Duhamel du Monceau, M., 1700-1782|Durand, Elias, 1794-1873|E},
}

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TY - BOOK
TI - C.S. Rafinesque and John Torrey correspondence, 1819-1840
UR - https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/263009
PY - 1819
N1 - Correspondence from C.S. Rafinesque to John Torrey, dated 1819-1840, comprised of 47 letters and one undated plant list. Rafinesque's unruly genius is on full display in his letters, as is his abundant ego and biting wit. Each missive is stuffed with news of numerous projects-- books, floras, articles, the founding of cultural institutions and scientific journals-- and the countless "N. Sp." (new species) he has determined. He announces that he has begun making his own engravings; later, "I am busy as a Bee, am printing now 2 works as Editor for strangers, one on Astronomy, another on Safe Banking..." Rafinesque offers Torrey support ("I am glad to hear that your little flora is finished..." he writes in 1819) with a good deal of tart criticism. He frequently returns to two particular grievances: Torrey's failure to adopt Rafinesque's new genera and species ("Why have you adopted G. Clintonia of Lindley 1820, and not my Clintonia of 1817!"); and his adherence to what Rafineque dubs "the putting off school"-- taxonomical "lumpers." "Do you wait to see [my descriptions] quoted elsewhere or do you deem 10 years needful to ripen facts?," he writes in 1838. "Why then quote unripe facts of somebody else-- Let us smile & be friends nevertheless... Yr. flora is a work of great merit, but with great defects also..." Torrey is not the only recipient of Rafinesque's ire. The latter's letters contain frequent complaints of mistreatment by others ("Prof. Silliman has behaved as a Sillyman with me...These Yankees are very ticklish"-- "Since Arnott has served me so shabbily I have doubled the price of the plants I had prepared for him...") and even more frequent disdain for their work. "I am now studying Hooker's flora 1st Vol.," he writes in 1836. "What a fine work! Yet how full of blunders!" Obsolete and unresolved plant names mentioned include Acnida, Ammyrsine, Aectyson, Arenaria canadensis, Asclepias maritima, Atriplex dioica, Atriplex mucronata, Atriplex purshiana, Ceratosch --- In English.
AU - Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel),
KW - Ackerly, Samuel, Dr
KW - Agardh, C. A. (Carl Adolf), 1785-1859
KW - Aira
KW - Amaranthus
KW - American Philosophical Society
KW - Amphicarpaea
KW - Amphicarpum
KW - Andromeda
KW - Arundinaria gigantea
KW - Atriplex
KW - Aureolaria flava
KW - Baldwin, William, 1779-1819
KW - Barton, William P. C. (William Paul Crillon), 1786
KW - Bartram's Garden (Philadelphia, Pa.)
KW - Beck, Lewis C. (Lewis Caleb), 1798-1853
KW - Bigelow, Jacob, 1786-1879
KW - Blechnum
KW - Botanical specimens
KW - Boykin, Samuel, 1786-1848
KW - Brickellia
KW - Brongniart, Adolphe, 1801-1876
KW - Calamagrostis
KW - Callitriche terrestris
KW - Calochortus
KW - Candolle, Augustin Pyramus de, 1778-1841
KW - Carex
KW - Cassine
KW - Castelnau, Francis, comte de, 1812-1880
KW - Cicuta bulbifera
KW - Clifford, John D., 1778?-1820
KW - Clinton, DeWitt, 1769-1828
KW - Clintonia
KW - Collins, Zaccheus, 1764-1831
KW - Commelina
KW - Conrad, T. A. (Timothy Abbott), 1803-1877
KW - Cooper, William, 1798?-1864
KW - Corema conradii
KW - Correspondence
KW - Croom, Hardy Bryan, 1797-1837
KW - Cyperaceae
KW - Daucus
KW - Desvaux, A.-N. (Auguste-Nicaise), 1784-1856
KW - Dewey, Chester, 1784-1867
KW - Dodecatheon
KW - Duhamel du Monceau, M., 1700-1782
KW - Durand, Elias, 1794-1873
KW - E
ER -