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Tarsal organ morphology and the phylogeny of goblin spiders (Araneae, Oonopidae), with notes on basal genera /
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Title

Tarsal organ morphology and the phylogeny of goblin spiders (Araneae, Oonopidae), with notes on basal genera /

Related Titles

Series: American Museum novitates, no. 3736

By



































Type

Book

Material

Published material

Publication info

[New York] :American Museum of Natural History,c2012.

Subjects

Arachnida , Classification , Oonopidae , Phylogeny , Sense organs , Spiders

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Title

Tarsal organ morphology and the phylogeny of goblin spiders (Araneae, Oonopidae), with notes on basal genera /

Related Titles

Series: American Museum novitates, no. 3736

By

Platnick, Norman I.
Abrahim,Naiara
Alvarez-Padilla, Fernando.
Andriamalala, Daniela.
Baehr, Barbara, 1953-
Baert, L
Bonaldo, Alexandre B. (Alexandre Bragio)
Brescovit, Antonio D.
Chousou-Polydouri, Natalia.
Dupérré, N
Eichenberger, Beata.
Fannes, Wouter.
Gaublomme, Eva.
Gillespie, Rosemary G., 1957-
Grismado, Cristian J.
Griswold, Charles E
Harvey, Mark S
Henrard, Arnaud.
Hormiga, Gustavo.
Izquierdo, Matías A.
Jocqué, R
Kranz-Baltensperger, Yvonne.
Kropf, Christian.
Ott,Ricardo
Ramírez,Martín J.
Raven, Robert J.
Rheims,Cristina A.
Ruiz,Gustavo R. S.
Santos,Adalberto J.
Saucedo, Alma D.
Sierwald, Petra.
Szuts, Tamas
Ubick, Darrell
Wang, Xin-Ping

Type

Book

Material

Published material

Publication info

[New York] :American Museum of Natural History,c2012.

Notes:

Caption title.

"February 29, 2012."

Based on a survey of a wide variety of oonopid genera and outgroups, we hypothesize new synapomorphies uniting the Oonopidae (minus the South African genus Calculus Purcell, which is transferred to the Orsolobidae). The groundplan of the tarsal organ in Oonopidae is hypothesized to be an exposed organ with a distinctive, longitudinal ridge originating from the proximal end of the organ, and a serially dimorphic pattern of 4-4-3-3 raised receptors on legs I-IV, respectively. Such organs typify the diverse, basal, and ancient genus Orchestina Simon. Several other genera whose members resemble Orchestina in retaining two plesiomorphic features (an H-shaped, transverse eye arrangement and a heavily sclerotized, thick-walled sperm duct within the male palp) are united by having tarsal organs that are partly (in the case of Cortestina Knoflach) or fully capsulate (in the case of Sulsula Simon, Xiombarg Brignoli, and Unicorn Platnick and Brescovit). The remaining oonopids are united by the loss of the heavily sclerotized palpal sperm duct, presumably reflecting a significant transformation in palpal mechanics. Within that large assemblage, a 4-4-3-3 tarsal organ receptor pattern and an H-shaped eye arrangement seem to be retained only in the New Zealand genus Kapitia Forster; the remaining genera are apparently united by a reduction in the tarsal organ pattern to 3-3-2-2 raised receptors on legs I-IV and by the acquisition of a clumped eye arrangement. Three subfamilies of oonopids are recognized: Orchestininae Chamberlin and Ivie (containing only Orchestina; Ferchestina Saaristo and Marusik is placed as a junior synonym of Orchestina), Sulsulinae, new subfamily (containing Sulsula, Xiombarg, Unicorn, and Cortestina), and Oonopinae Simon (containing all the remaining genera, including those previously placed in the Gamasomorphinae). The type species of Sulsula and Kapitia, S. pauper (O. P.-Cambridge) and K. obscura Forster, are redescribed, and the female of S. pauper is described for the first time. A new sulsuline genus, Dalmasula, is established for Sulsula parvimana Simon and four new species from Namibia and South Africa.

Subjects

Arachnida , Classification , Oonopidae , Phylogeny , Sense organs , Spiders

Call Number

QL1 .A436 no.3736 2012

Language

English

Identifiers:

OCLC: 778893357

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@book{bhl276605,
title = {Tarsal organ morphology and the phylogeny of goblin spiders (Araneae, Oonopidae), with notes on basal genera / },
volume = {no. 3736},
copyright = {In copyright. Digitized with the permission of the rights holder.},
url = {https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/276605},
note = {https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/166305 --- Caption title. --- "February 29, 2012." --- Based on a survey of a wide variety of oonopid genera and outgroups, we hypothesize new synapomorphies uniting the Oonopidae (minus the South African genus Calculus Purcell, which is transferred to the Orsolobidae). The groundplan of the tarsal organ in Oonopidae is hypothesized to be an exposed organ with a distinctive, longitudinal ridge originating from the proximal end of the organ, and a serially dimorphic pattern of 4-4-3-3 raised receptors on legs I-IV, respectively. Such organs typify the diverse, basal, and ancient genus Orchestina Simon. Several other genera whose members resemble Orchestina in retaining two plesiomorphic features (an H-shaped, transverse eye arrangement and a heavily sclerotized, thick-walled sperm duct within the male palp) are united by having tarsal organs that are partly (in the case of Cortestina Knoflach) or fully capsulate (in the case of Sulsula Simon, Xiombarg Brignoli, and Unicorn Platnick and Brescovit). The remaining oonopids are united by the loss of the heavily sclerotized palpal sperm duct, presumably reflecting a significant transformation in palpal mechanics. Within that large assemblage, a 4-4-3-3 tarsal organ receptor pattern and an H-shaped eye arrangement seem to be retained only in the New Zealand genus Kapitia Forster; the remaining genera are apparently united by a reduction in the tarsal organ pattern to 3-3-2-2 raised receptors on legs I-IV and by the acquisition of a clumped eye arrangement. Three subfamilies of oonopids are recognized: Orchestininae Chamberlin and Ivie (containing only Orchestina; Ferchestina Saaristo and Marusik is placed as a junior synonym of Orchestina), Sulsulinae, new subfamily (containing Sulsula, Xiombarg, Unicorn, and Cortestina), and Oonopinae Simon (containing all the remaining genera, including those previously placed in the Gamasomorphinae). The type species of Sulsula and Kapitia, S. pauper (O. P.-Cambridge) and K. obscura Forster, are redescribed, and the female of S. pauper is described for the first time. A new sulsuline genus, Dalmasula, is established for Sulsula parvimana Simon and four new species from Namibia and South Africa.},
publisher = {[New York] :American Museum of Natural History,},
author = {Platnick, Norman I. and Abrahim,Naiara and Alvarez-Padilla, Fernando. and Andriamalala, Daniela. and Baehr, Barbara, and Baert, L and Bonaldo, Alexandre B. (Alexandre Bragio) and Brescovit, Antonio D. and Chousou-Polydouri, Natalia. and Dupérré, N and Eichenberger, Beata. and Fannes, Wouter. and Gaublomme, Eva. and Gillespie, Rosemary G., and Grismado, Cristian J. and Griswold, Charles E and Harvey, Mark S and Henrard, Arnaud. and Hormiga, Gustavo. and Izquierdo, Matías A. and Jocqué, R and Kranz-Baltensperger, Yvonne. and Kropf, Christian. and Ott,Ricardo and Ramírez,Martín J. and Raven, Robert J. and Rheims,Cristina A. and Ruiz,Gustavo R. S. and Santos,Adalberto J. and Saucedo, Alma D. and Sierwald, Petra. and Szuts, Tamas and Ubick, Darrell and Wang, Xin-Ping},
year = {2012},
pages = {52},
keywords = {Arachnida|Classification|Oonopidae|Phylogeny|Sense organs|Spiders},
}

Download RIS citations

TY - BOOK
TI - Tarsal organ morphology and the phylogeny of goblin spiders (Araneae, Oonopidae), with notes on basal genera /
VL - no. 3736
UR - https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/276605
PB - American Museum of Natural History,
CY - [New York] :
PY - 2012
N1 - Caption title. --- "February 29, 2012." --- Based on a survey of a wide variety of oonopid genera and outgroups, we hypothesize new synapomorphies uniting the Oonopidae (minus the South African genus Calculus Purcell, which is transferred to the Orsolobidae). The groundplan of the tarsal organ in Oonopidae is hypothesized to be an exposed organ with a distinctive, longitudinal ridge originating from the proximal end of the organ, and a serially dimorphic pattern of 4-4-3-3 raised receptors on legs I-IV, respectively. Such organs typify the diverse, basal, and ancient genus Orchestina Simon. Several other genera whose members resemble Orchestina in retaining two plesiomorphic features (an H-shaped, transverse eye arrangement and a heavily sclerotized, thick-walled sperm duct within the male palp) are united by having tarsal organs that are partly (in the case of Cortestina Knoflach) or fully capsulate (in the case of Sulsula Simon, Xiombarg Brignoli, and Unicorn Platnick and Brescovit). The remaining oonopids are united by the loss of the heavily sclerotized palpal sperm duct, presumably reflecting a significant transformation in palpal mechanics. Within that large assemblage, a 4-4-3-3 tarsal organ receptor pattern and an H-shaped eye arrangement seem to be retained only in the New Zealand genus Kapitia Forster; the remaining genera are apparently united by a reduction in the tarsal organ pattern to 3-3-2-2 raised receptors on legs I-IV and by the acquisition of a clumped eye arrangement. Three subfamilies of oonopids are recognized: Orchestininae Chamberlin and Ivie (containing only Orchestina; Ferchestina Saaristo and Marusik is placed as a junior synonym of Orchestina), Sulsulinae, new subfamily (containing Sulsula, Xiombarg, Unicorn, and Cortestina), and Oonopinae Simon (containing all the remaining genera, including those previously placed in the Gamasomorphinae). The type species of Sulsula and Kapitia, S. pauper (O. P.-Cambridge) and K. obscura Forster, are redescribed, and the female of S. pauper is described for the first time. A new sulsuline genus, Dalmasula, is established for Sulsula parvimana Simon and four new species from Namibia and South Africa.
AU - Platnick, Norman I.
AU - Abrahim,Naiara
AU - Alvarez-Padilla, Fernando.
AU - Andriamalala, Daniela.
AU - Baehr, Barbara,
AU - Baert, L
AU - Bonaldo, Alexandre B. (Alexandre Bragio)
AU - Brescovit, Antonio D.
AU - Chousou-Polydouri, Natalia.
AU - Dupérré, N
AU - Eichenberger, Beata.
AU - Fannes, Wouter.
AU - Gaublomme, Eva.
AU - Gillespie, Rosemary G.,
AU - Grismado, Cristian J.
AU - Griswold, Charles E
AU - Harvey, Mark S
AU - Henrard, Arnaud.
AU - Hormiga, Gustavo.
AU - Izquierdo, Matías A.
AU - Jocqué, R
AU - Kranz-Baltensperger, Yvonne.
AU - Kropf, Christian.
AU - Ott,Ricardo
AU - Ramírez,Martín J.
AU - Raven, Robert J.
AU - Rheims,Cristina A.
AU - Ruiz,Gustavo R. S.
AU - Santos,Adalberto J.
AU - Saucedo, Alma D.
AU - Sierwald, Petra.
AU - Szuts, Tamas
AU - Ubick, Darrell
AU - Wang, Xin-Ping
KW - Arachnida
KW - Classification
KW - Oonopidae
KW - Phylogeny
KW - Sense organs
KW - Spiders
ER -