Aquatilium animalium historiae, liber primus


Aquatilium animalium historiae, liber primus : cum eorumdem formis, aere excusis

Title Variants

Alternative: Aqvatilium animalivm historiae, liber primvs

Alternative: Hippolytus Saluianus De historia aquatilium animalium


Salviani, Ippolito, 1514-1572

Bernard, of Arezzo active 14th century- , illustrator
Lafréry, Antoine, 1512-1577 , engraver
Beatrizet, Nicolas, 1507?-1570? , engraver




Published material

Publication info

Romae, Apud eundem Hippolytum Saluianum, mense Ianuario, MDLVIII [i.e. 1554-1558]


Engraved title page with architectural border and a portrait of the author inset in a central cartouche.

Publisher from colophon, which is dated January 1558.

Signatures: [cross]⁸, A-Z⁶, AA-II⁸.

Imprint from colophon.

No other parts were published for this edition.

In numbering, the figure 54 was omitted; there are 98 figures on 81 plates.

Latin with some Greek.

This is the second state of the first edition. The first state of this edition has a colophon dated October 1557.

Leaves printed on both sides.

Woodcut publisher's device on leaf 2I8 verso.

With 98 numbered illustrations on 81 full pages, engraved in copperplate (the illustrations are misnumbered as 99; but 54 was omitted from the sequence).

The engravings are attributed to the illustrator Bernardus Aretinus and the engravers Lafrery and Beatrizet.

Each illustration provides the animal's name in Greek, Latin and Italian.

The first part of the book is composed of double-page synoptic tables of fish species, giving their names in Greek, Latin, and Italian (sometimes distinguishing between the different regional variants, for example names used in Rome, Veneto, or Liguria), the most distinctive properties of each species, and references to the works of classical authors in which the animals are described. The main part of the volume contains the illustrations and in-depth descriptions of aquatic animals (mostly fishes, plus a few cephalopods). Each chapter begins with an illustration of a fish, and a description of its physical appearance and habitat, as well as its nutritional value and culinary preparation, frequently referring to Aristotle, Pliny and Galen, and, in the gastronomic parts, to Athenaeus, Oppianus, and Giovio. Salviani deals with cephalopods at length and distinguishes among five species of octopus. He also describes cuttlefish, the way they procreate, and how to catch them.

Initials; side-notes.

Signatures: [cross]⁸, A-2I⁸.

Mortimer, R. Italian 16th cent., | 454

Wood, C.A. Lit. of vertebrate zoology, | p. 549

Nissen, C. Schöne Fischbücher, | 112

Nissen, C. Zoologische Buchillustration, | Bd. 1, no. 3555

Adams | S190

In Latin, with some Greek.


Aquatic animals , Cephalopoda , Cooking (Seafood) , Early works to 1800 , Fishes , Ichthyology

BHL Collections

Under the Sea: World Oceans Day

Call Number

QL615 .S26




DOI: https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.82337
LCCN: https://lccn.loc.gov/a18001687
OCLC: 64755237


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