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Page No. 09

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Example: Charles Darwin, Carl Linnaeus
Example: Birds, Classification, Mammals
Contributed by Cambridge University Library
show legend key
deleted pinholes visible line connects passages
« » inserted count up from last line ÷* long division
Annotation Not Available

line 5 score in dark brown ink

top-margin annotation p 110t01    All marked    [103.]
t01 - `p 110' horizontally crossed

line 1 score

[continues overleaf] lines 10—1 score
line 7 underline "H. Pilosella"
line 7bottom-margin annotation var. grows everywhere in all soils thrugout Europe — — But other vars also produced (it is a polymrphic genus)

[continuation] 9 score
lines 16—17 double score
lines 21—24 score
lines 19—26 annotation also Differt vars in sam place

lines 10—17 score

top-margin annotation other examples as before

lines 5—11 score
line 15 double score

lines 17—20 score in pale pencil
lines 17—25 annotation in pale pencil 2 Vars adapted to 2 stations rarely mixed in equal nmber ‹to› in both

[continues overleaf] lines 3—3 score

[continuation] 1—2 double score

lines 4—11 score

lines 16—11 score
lines 10—3 score in pale pencil
lines 16—13 annotation cases of direct action

lines 3—22 score
line 22 annotation X
lines 5—12 annotation On Haryness of Plants

lines 10—2 score
lines 21—2 annotation Various vars in same station, so not effect of gradation

lines 16—19 score

lines 1—6 score
line 10 underline "Farbstoffen"
line 11 underline "Zucker"
line 12 underline "ätherischen Oelen"
top-marginline 6 annotation growth or size & chemical products direct effect of conditions—
     Light on colouring matter

lines 1—10 score
top-margin annotation Alpine forms due only to want of food & not form true races
show subjects subjects

line 15 score
15 score [`bookmark']

lines 2—14 score
top-marginline 14 annotation He argues frm these facts that height no influence but this no proof for others

lines 3—1 score
bottom-margin annotation He overlooks effect of length of exposure & of inheritance —

lines 19—9 score
bottom-margin annotation Maintains that Alpine height does not cause Larger size of flower.
show subjects subjects

lines 6—1 score
lines 6—5 annotation Sumary

lines 4—12 score
lines 3—13 annotation My objections of time & chance-spreding considered.

line 1 score [`bookmark']

lines 17—19 underline "Ueberhaupt ... Ausnahme"
top-marginline 19 annotation Variation must depend on some chance relation betwen state of organism & outer conditions

[continues overleaf] lines 3—1 score

[continuation] 1—3 double score
lines 15—16 underline "Primula ... elatior"
top-marginline 20 annotation These close species which inhabit distinct «districts» ‹stations›, shows how little we know abut adaptation of even vars — So some close species, live mingled together. Are we sure that th 2 Oaks are not specially adapted for special circumstances — 2 [?]Anagallis

[continues overleaf] lines 12—11 underline "Achillea ... geschieden"
lines 6—5 underline "gemeint ... andere"
lines 2—1 underline "Denn ... ebenso auf"

[continuation] 1—3 underline "wenn ... aus"
top-margin annotation When alone, each will grow on wrong formation; but not in company for then I suppose competition, this looks like adaptation.—

lines 10—9 score
lines 16—10
lines 4—17 annotation says all true local vars. wd behave thus. ☞

lines 5—6 underline "durch ... sind"
top-marginline 11 annotation All foregoing reasons do not apply to vars. arising from inner causes; but something must set inner causes into action.

lines 6—1 score
lines 6—1 annotation Opposed vars. arise under cultivation

lines 1—2 score
lines 1—2 underline "äussern ... können"
top-margin annotation one plant might absorb different elements frm another.

line 18 score [`bookmark']

lines 1—7 score cancelled

top-marginline 24 annotation He seems to admit there is som relation between variation & extreme conditionst01
     He [corrected from `&'] remarks that greter size independently «of» good soil ‹nevr› «never» could become hereditary & constant
t01 - `He seems ... conditions' horizontally crossed
show subjects subjects

bottom-margin annotation Effect of grafting — & cultivation & wide range & bud-variation all show that extreme conditions have close relation

lines 3—20 score
top-marginline 20 annotation He admits that differnc of soil &c may in course of genertions affect chemical & molecular constituent & then lead to changes of form — this is th same thng —

lines 12—1 annotation as individuals differ. so will results differ. in fluctuating varibilty

top-margin annotation a chill is direct cause of various illnesses —

top-marginline 11 annotation but here denies all before apparently admitted

lines 18—1 annotation Denies that a plant can in sam bed with others absorb different nutriment ‹in›

lines 15—18 score

lines 5—1 score
line 10bottom-margin annotation permanence in culture in garden no test of specific distinction

lines 4—9 score
lines 8—9 double score
line 5 underline "Alpenrose"
lines 3—7 annotation Rhododendron ferrugineum (a)
lines 6—7 underline "Eiszeit ... kalkreiche"
line 8 underline "trockenen Jura"
line 8 underline "oberitalienische"
line 9 underline "700 bis 1300'"
top-margin annotation Yet if this sp. was cultivated like R. Ponticum it wd no doubt vary, thog perhps not so much.—
lines 15—7 annotation similar facts

lines 1—12 score
line 13 score
top-marginline 10 annotation objects to Hooker on acclimatisation.— (He is a general objector.)

line 13 score [`bookmark']

lines 11—1 score
lines 4—15 annotation He tried experimnts, but failed with uncertain results

lines 3—6 score
lines 11—12 annotation explains fact
show subjects subjects

lines 1—6 score
top-margin annotation difficulty of knowig direct action of conditions on accont of Selection.

lines 1—5 score
top-margin annotation Asks Have plants which ‹are extremly› have long lived under differnt conditions different constitution , though externally alike ? He doubts

lines 1—2 annotation Conclusions on Direct action

lines 7—9 underline " indem ... Art"
lines 5—6 annotation natural Distribution

lines 11—12 underline "der ... Racen"

lines 19—20 underline "innere ... bedingt"
lines 19—20 annotation But what excites them; something must, as with illnesses.—

lines 10—1 annotation / His Causes work thrgh chemical constitutn of Plants & cause direct & indirect effects

lines 5—1 score
bottom-margin annotation He assumes direct effects never become heredetary.—
show subjects subjects

lines 18—1 score
top-margin6 annotation He allows that changed conditions give impulse to variation; th differences in the results must depend on differences in th individuals; but these differences must have had some cause .

line 10 score [`bookmark']

top-marginline 23 annotation I think here he attributes th mixed vars in sam locality to selection, or adaptation

bottom-margin annotation Finally I do not see that he throws much light on ‹whole› subject.—    Evrythng remains as odd as before — some good facts on Distribution of Varieties.—

top-marginline 21 annotation On Alps, when no detritus — chemical nature of rocks has influence on distribution.—
show subjects subjects

lines 13—5 score
lines 17—4 annotation representative species on different soils

line 22 score
lines 19—3 annotation Closely allied plants excluding each other. — my view .

lines 6—26 annotation Struggle for existence explains well, but not new.—

line 1 score [`bookmark']

lines 7—13 score
top-margin annotation Both the Achillaeas will live on wrong soil — if only one form is present, so no struggle.—

lines 16—18 underline "ausserordentlicher ... wieder"

[continues overleaf] lines 15—12 score
lines 7—5 score
lines 6—3 underline "nur ... feuchtern"
lines 25—6 annotation → These sp. exclude each other acording to dampness.—

[continuation] 9—13 score
line 11 annotation do

lines 3—7 score
top-margin annotation Thinks many plants do not grow in certain places, because seeds have never been brought there.
show subjects subjects

line 8 score [`bookmark']

lines 9—11 score

lines 10—9 underline "Auf ... Arten"
line 7 underline "Rh. intermedium"

line 11 underline "Kerner"
lines 11—13 annotation doubts his obsrvatns
line 5 underline "Gültigkeit"
line 5 annotation ‹le› authenticity

lines 15—13 underline "Wo ... ausschliessen"

line 5 score [`bookmark']

line 12 annotation I have not read
show subjects concepts

lines 10—12 annotation some close plants distinct

lines 15—18 score
line 16 underline "Mittelformen"
line 16 annotation some thus
line 17 underline "Verbindungsgliedern"
lines 20—21 score
lines 7—4 annotation says very important ??

lines 12—14 score

line 14 score [`bookmark']

lines 10—2 score
bottom-margin annotation argues well against «those» intermdiate form, which are constantly or frequently found, near th forms which thy connect, beng Hybrds

top-margin annotation A complete graduated row of intermdiate forms may be hybrids, but such cases are rare — Th exactly intermediate wd be rarer than th steps on either side.

line 12 underline "Verfechter"
line 12 annotation defender

lines 10—5 double score
lines 10—6 double score
lines 7—6 underline "zwischen ... officinalis"
lines 10—4 annotation Intermdiate forms exist both hybrids & really intermdiate & constant & fertile.—

lines 1—20 annotation He evidently doubts (with reason) any inconstant intermdiat form beng Hybrids.—

line 12 score [`bookmark']

lines 5—10 score
line 7 annotation (a)
top-margin annotation (a) If species which are connected by intermdiat forms are blended int single specis the result monstrous.—
lines 13—18 annotation must be enumerated as intermediate forms—

lines 21—23 score in pale pencil
lines 7—22 annotation → these are good instances of a species constant in one place & variable in another from crossing with intermdiate forms.

line 10 score [`bookmark']

lines 18—16 score
lines 6—2 score
lines 19—4 annotation → Middle forms «not Hybrids» generally inhabit nearly same districts as the forms they connect—
     || but less in number.

bottom-margin annotation I presume he attributes th intermedate forms to variation
show subjects subjects

line 12 underline "G. intermedium"
line 12 annotation Hybrid
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line 18 annotation Hybrid
show subjects concepts

lines 5—4 annotation Hybrid
show subjects concepts

lines 2—3 underline "beiden ... Uebergänge"
lines 3—5 annotation Hybrid? or middle form?

lines 2—1 annotation Hybrid

line 5 annotation Hybrid?

line 11 annotation Hybrid

lines 14—13 annotation Hybrid
show subjects concepts

lines 10—9 annotation Rare Hybrid

line 3 annotation Hybrid
show subjects concepts

lines 18—20 annotation gradations from crossing
lines 5—4 underline "Der ... Stammarten"

line 5 annotation Hybrid

lines 12—11 underline "da ... vor"

line 5 underline "C. ... arvense"
line 3 underline "zahlreiche ... Vorkommen"
lines 3—1 score
lines 3—1 annotation not Hybrid yet intermdiat

lines 2—26 annotation it seems impossible to decide whethr a hybrid, which in places has become constant, or has arisen frm variation of one of th 2 species which it connects.—

line 6
lines 8—9 underline "Sie ... acaule"
line 15
top-marginline 8 annotation another doubtful case

line 4 annotation Hybrid

line 5 underline "Rh. intermedium"
lines 7—8 underline "Dieses ... Ursprungs"

line 13 annotation Hybrid

line 17 underline "Zwischenformen"
line 18 underline "wiederholt ... Floristen"
line 18 annotation not Hybrid
lines 21—24 underline "fast ... der"
lines 4—3 underline "also ... sind"

lines 13—14 annotation Hybrid